The Burden of Stroke in Europe report: need for more support for more stroke survivors.

BoS coverThe number of strokes across the UK could rise by almost half (44 per cent) (i) in the next 20 years, according to a new report (ii) by researchers from King’s College London. The expected increase is due to our ageing population. The chance of having a stroke increases as we get older.

The increase in strokes means that the number of people living with the effects of stroke in the UK could rise by a third (32 per cent) by 2035 (iii).

The researchers cannot be sure about the predicted size of the increase, partly because the data on how many strokes happen and how many people survive stroke is not perfect.

The quality of hospital care for stroke patients varies widely across Europe. The researchers also found that, in general, countries in Europe do not collect (or publish) much information on what care stroke survivors get after they leave hospital. The data that is available shows that between countries and within countries (including the UK), there is a lot of variation in the care and support offered to stroke survivors. The researchers conclude that there needs to be more of a focus on long-term rehabilitation and support.

The main report and other publications from the project can be accessed online for free by entering your email address at the following link: http://strokeeurope.eu/

The Burden of Stroke in Europe project was commissioned by the Stroke Alliance for Europe (SAFE) and the Stroke Association.

(i) Incidence estimate: 43,326 strokes in the UK in 2015, projected to rise to 62,366 strokes in 2035

(ii) Eleanor Stevens, Eva Emmett, Yanzhong Wang, Christopher McKevitt, Charles DA Wolfe (2017). The Burden of Stroke in Europe. Stroke Alliance for Europe

(iii) The number of stroke survivors in the UK is projected to rise to 193,861 in 2035

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Results from the South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study

Stroke incidence (the number of people who have a stroke) is higher in people with black ethnic backgrounds but the reasons for this are not well understood. The South London Ethnicity and Stroke Study (SLESS) has tried to better understand why people of black ethnicity are at higher risk of stroke by exploring patterns in the different types of stroke and in the underlying risk factors. The journal article on the final results from the study are available in the BMC Medicine journal here.

The study recruited 2400 patients (black Caribbean, black African and white ethnic groups) from an area of South London and analysed information on the subtype of stroke that they had had (e.g. small vessel stroke or cardioembolic stroke) and the risk factors that they had had before the stroke (e.g. high blood pressure). They found that black patients and white patients do not have the same chance of having each subtype of stroke.

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